Ecosystem Services, nature's gift to us

Ecosystem Services are goods, renewable resources such as water and food, and services, such as pollination and purification of water, provided by specific ecosystems to humans.

Ecosystem Services Life-Cycle Assessments

We have secured under our proprietary conservation agreements, large areas of threatened lands  in Brazil and the Philippines. Our mandate is to protect these reserves in all ways possible.

We provide deep technological analysis using high tech “ground truthing” analysis on each square meter of our land reserves. Our “Ecosystem Services life-cycle assessments” will meet all criteria of impact and private investor and sponsor risk and return expectations and we believe we will become a standard in environmental impact that qualifies us for an insurance guarantee on our land assets.

Ground-truth data enables calibration of remote-sensing data via geo-spatial satellite imagery combined with unmanned aerial vehicles (drones) collecting cartography, meteorology, analysis of aerial photography and video for our scientific team. After this technological due diligence, we develop a commercial approach in creating the highest and best use os the natural asset value of the land reserve.

Developing New Standards

This project in the delta region of Myanmar that RainTrust is supporting to scale up for planting of 1 billion trees in 250,000 ha can be replicated at a global scale in 123 countries around the equator where there is an opportunity to restore 50% of degraded mangrove ecosystems in a total area of 150,000 sq. km.

Blue Carbon

RainTrust is going beyond carbon by developing it own Coastal Ecosystem Standard (CES) to generate premium Payment for Ecosystem Services (PES) credits from the Total Econo,ic Valuation (TEV) of all mangrove ecosystems under management. Globally, tidal marsh and mangrove ecosystem services (ES) are valued at approximately US$32 billion annually which translates to approximately US$194,000 per ha per year. A regional valuation from the Pacific Islands suggests the composite value of mangroves across multiple services ranges between US$4300 – $8500 per ha per year which represent significant market values when considered alongside mean annual household incomes per-adult-equivalent in the region.

Other Eco System Services We Provide

RainTrust will work to provide clean and affordable renewable energy technologies to poor communities living off the grid in Least Developed Countries (LDCs) generating carbon credits from providing efficient solar and biomass cooking stoves to forest dependent communities thereby reducing deforestation from fuelwood consumption.

Eco System Services

A list of Eco System Services or ESS

Food

Ecosystems provide the conditions for growing food. Food comes principally from managed agro-ecosystems but marine and freshwater systems or forests also provide food for human consumption. Wild foods from forests are often underestimated.

Raw materials

Ecosystems provide a great diversity of materials for construction and fuel including wood, biofuels and plant oils that are directly derived from wild and cultivated plant species.

Fresh water

Ecosystems play a vital role in the global hydrological cycle, as they regulate the flow and purification of water. Vegetation and forests influence the quantity of water available locally.

Medicinal resources

Ecosystems and biodiversity provide many plants used as traditional medicines as well as providing the raw materials for the pharmaceutical industry. All ecosystems are a potential source of medicinal resources.

Local climate and air quality

Trees provide shade whilst forests influence rainfall and water availability both locally and regionally. Trees or other plants also play an important role in regulating air quality by removing pollutants from the atmosphere.

Carbon sequestration and storage

Ecosystems regulate the global climate by storing and sequestering greenhouse gases. As trees and plants grow, they remove carbon dioxide from the atmosphere and effectively lock it away in their tissues. In this way forest ecosystems are carbon stores. Biodiversity also plays an important role by improving the capacity of ecosystems to adapt to the effects of climate change.

Moderation of extreme events

Extreme weather events or natural hazards include floods, storms, tsunamis, avalanches and landslides. Ecosystems and living organisms create buffers against natural disasters, thereby preventing possible damage. For example, wetlands can soak up flood water whilst trees can stabilize
slopes. Coral reefs and mangroves help protect coastlines from storm damage.

Waste-water treatment

Ecosystems such as wetlands filter both human and animal waste and act as a natural buffer to the surrounding environment. Through the biological activity of microorganisms in the soil, most waste is broken down. Thereby pathogens (disease causing microbes) are eliminated, and the level of nutrients and pollution is reduced.

Erosion prevention and maintenance of soil fertility

Soil erosion is a key factor in the process of land degradation and desertification. Vegetation cover provides a vital regulating service by preventing soil erosion. Soil fertility is essential for plant growth and agriculture and well-functioning ecosystems supply the soil with nutrients required to support plant growth.

Pollination

Insects and wind pollinate plants and trees which is essential for the development of fruits, vegetables and seeds. Animal pollination is an ecosystem service mainly provided by insects but also by some birds and bats. Some 87 out of the 115 leading global food crops depend upon animal pollination including important cash crops such as cocoa and coffee.

Biological control

Ecosystems are important for regulating pests and vector borne diseases that attack plants, animals and people. Ecosystems regulate pests and diseases through the activities of predators and parasites. Birds, bats, flies, wasps, frogs and fungi all act as natural controls.

Habitat or Supporting Services

Habitats for species

Habitats provide everything that an individual plant or animal needs to survive: food; water; and shelter. Each ecosystem provides different habitats that can be essential for a species’ lifecycle. Migratory species including birds, fish, mammals and insects all depend upon different ecosystems during their movements.

Maintenance of genetic diversity

Genetic diversity is the variety of genes between and within species populations. Genetic diversity distinguishes different breeds or races from each other thus providing the basis for locally well-adapted cultivars and a gene pool for further developing commercial crops and livestock. Some habitats have an exceptionally high number of species which makes them more genetically diverse than others and are known as ‘biodiversity hotspots’.

Cultural Services

Recreation and mental and physical health

Walking and playing sports in green space is not only a good form of physical exercise but also lets people relax. The role that green space plays in maintaining mental and physical health is increasingly being recognized, despite difficulties of measurement.

Tourism

Ecosystems and biodiversity play an important role for many kinds of tourism which in turn provides considerable economic benefits and is a vital source of income for many countries. In 2008 global earnings from tourism summed up to US$ 944 billion. Cultural and eco-tourism can also educate people about the importance of biological diversity.

Aesthetic appreciation and inspiration for culture, art and design

Language, knowledge and the natural environment have been intimately related throughout human history. Biodiversity, ecosystems and natural landscapes have been the source of inspiration for much of our art, culture and increasingly for science.

Spiritual experience and sense of place

In many parts of the world natural features such as specific forests, caves or mountains are considered sacred or have a religious meaning. Nature is a common element of all major religions and traditional knowledge, and associated customs are important for creating a sense of belonging.